What is Leadership?
With a title like that you might think I bit off a little more than I can chew. You might be right, but because there are literally thousands of articles, blogs and websites dedicated to discussions of leadership, I wanted to offer a logical definition of it in a thousand words or less. Here goes…
Despite the multiplicity of interpretations we read every day, leadership can be defined simply as:
“Organizing a group of people to achieve a common goal”
A leader can be anyone. There is no need for any formal authority to lead. A person simply needs to have the will, the courage, the charisma and the ability to capture the imagination of one or more followers in order to be considered a leader.
Centuries ago, it was assumed that good and powerful leaders had naturally occurring leadership traits that set them apart from others…Hence, the term, “leaders are born not made”. However, more recent studies have made it clear that given the right set of circumstances and with the appropriate motivation, most people can become true and effective leaders.
Some of the naturally occurring traits that make leadership ability come more easily to certain people are:
When those instinctive traits are combined with learned skills and natural talents, variable levels of leadership ability may be reached. Without all of those traits, effective leadership is possible but much more difficult to achieve.
“It is important to note that one can lead much more effectively when the leadership endeavour involves something that the leader has good expertise in so that he or she may set an example”
It must also be something in which the followers have a need for or an interest in being lead in. For example: An expert tennis player might make a great tennis coach but a lousy sales manager. In addition, there would be no point in trying to lead someone to better customer service skills when he or she works in the depths of a coal mine.
As trite as those examples might seem, it is not unusual that people are put into leadership positions that they are not capable of handling simply because they have done well in another unrelated area. Also, self-promoting or toxic people who have no business trying to lead will often attempt to influence or lead coworkers in inappropriate directions. Both situations will create poor results.
“Good and powerful leaders need to have self-awareness and a solid grip on their own emotions”
Leadership skill necessarily includes the ability to set a mood or tone for the team. Leaders unavoidably telegraph their moods and attitudes to their followers who will adopt the preeminent emotional tone of the leader and carry it throughout the organization.
“One must not assume the only way to achieve financial success or even team success is through servant leadership, participative leadership, or compassionate leadership”
Given the right impetus and favourable circumstances an autocratic, command and control leader can drive his team to success both in the business world, on a sports court or on a battlefield. In the twenty-first century, we tend to reject that style of leadership, but it can be an effective (albeit, potentially negative and harmful) form of leadership nonetheless. If the team is not engaged and motivated, a strong autocrat might be the only leader who can create the environment needed for success.
Modern leadership lecturers and writers also reject the term “management”, since it seems to imply a lack of compassion and favours transactional or task orientation as opposed to transformational or people-oriented leadership. In reality, all organizations have some form of tasks and a specific number of people so it is evident that management may still be an integral part of the leadership cycle in many cases.
“In essence, even Bad Leadership is a form of leadership”
The efficacy of any leadership style can only be measured in results. In other words if the team meets or exceeds all of its goals, under the direction of its leader, those who benefit from those results may assume that the leadership was good regardless of the leader’s style. However, it is important to note that bad leadership in any form is usually short-lived.
The best and generally, most effective form of leadership occurs when a leader is able to maintain a high level of concern for his or her people while simultaneously keeping high-level performance paramount in the minds of all participants. This form of leadership often goes a step beyond servant leadership because it allows the leader to accurately control production and monitor results for maximum success. A leader who can juggle tasks and people without sacrificing integrity for either is a great leader indeed. That leader will almost always turn out better performance, more production and measurable growth while presiding over happy, well-engaged employees.
“It is important to recognize that groups of working people are assembled primarily to create some sort of product or service”
Great leaders are able to create buy-in to the vision of the organization while accepting and embracing the direction of its leaders. The key to buy in and strong followership is communication.
Great Leaders are Great Communicators!
Ten ways to recognize a great leader:
Great leaders create a sense of unity amongst all team members.
Great leaders have strong interpersonal skills and they encourage interpersonal communication amongst team members.
Great leaders have the ability to create a unanimous desire amongst team members to achieve common goals.
Great leaders communicate their vision to their team enthusiastically.
Great leaders constantly seek feedback from team members.
Great leaders never stop learning new leadership techniques.
Great leaders set fair and reasonable performance standards and assist team members in achieving them.
Great leaders set a conscientious, diligent example for the team.
Great leaders never settle for mediocrity from themselves or from their team.
Great leaders give credit for great results to the team.
What is leadership?
“Leadership is the embodiment of the positive dynamics evident in all great human relationships within one person or leadership team!”
All the Best